Biological psychological and sociological theories of addiction
The biological perspective is a way of looking at psychological issues by studying the physical basis for animal and human behavior it is one of the major perspectives in psychology and involves such things as studying the brain, immune system, nervous system, and genetics. What may curtail the social and psychological analysis of addiction most is the inappropriate meekness and limited scientific aspirations of those best suited to extend the boundaries of addiction theory in this direction. Sociology compass 5/4 (2011): 298–310, 101111/j1751-9020201100363x sociological perspectives on addiction darin weinberg university of cambridge abstract this article provides a critical survey of sociological research on addiction.
The psychological basis of addiction posted august 15, first, we know that traditional approaches to treatment have been based on one or a combination of several theories: addiction is due to a moral or spiritual problem, and should be treated by improving one's connection with god or a higher power the psychology of addiction. Biological causes for addiction researchers discover biological precursor to compulsive drug use by hugh c mcbride a cambridge university researcher has announced the discovery of a biological trigger in the brains of some drug users that he believes causes them to switch from occasional use to compulsion and addiction. Biological, psychological, and social factors involved in addiction addiction is complex addiction may serve a number of purposes, like reducing emotional or physical pain, coping with stress and mental health, etc.
Since addiction is a harmful, maladaptive behavior, psychological models are very useful for understanding why people engage in this unhealthy behavior psychologists propose several possible causes of addiction. According to cognitive dissonance theory from social psychology, people experience psychological discomfort, or dissonance, when there is conflict between the decisions they make, the behaviors they choose, the information they hear, and/or the beliefs, opinions, values and ideas they hold. Alexander would have dislocation theory replace the disease model whereas a more middle-of-the-road view is a blended theory that takes into account both the biological and sociological factors associated with addiction. Sociological theories explain substance abuse as either a micro-level issue the emphasize being on experiences or characteristics of individuals or on a macro-level in which substance abuse is seen as a societal phenomenon where social, cultural and economic factors shape conditions that create the risk of substance abuse. The adaptation theories include the psychological, environmental and social factors that influence addiction advocates of these theories have analyzed how expectations and beliefs about what a drug will do for the user influence the rewards and behaviors associated with its use.
Classical and biological theories of thought explain crime through two different considerations that are necessary for the rationalization of deviant behavior although different perspectives are reasoned, the classical and biological explanations of crime are important for criminological behavior to be understood. Identify and discuss at least 2 different theories regarding how social, psychological and biological issues influence addiction identify strengths and weaknesses in how each theory is able to explain addiction. 40 | biological components of substance abuse and addiction to involve multiple genes that control various aspects of the biological response to drugs in addition, the complex nature of drug dependency. A sociological perspective on drugs and drug use erich goode, professor of sociology at suny stony brook if we don't wake up in this country to the fact that every college campus and high school has a problem with drug addiction, psychology today 3 (april 1970): 48-50, 70, 72-73 drugs and drug abuse education newsletter. It will examine dominant theories behind the psychological factors present in the decision process that leads to the intake take illegal drugs it will define the most common aspects of addiction and outline both traditional and modern innovative treatments for individuals who have an addiction.
In my last blog, i talked about the biological or disease model for understanding how addictions develop in today's blog, i want to discuss the psychological model for understanding the development and maintenance of addictions in discussing this, it's important to keep in mind that there are many psychological theories for explaining human behaviour. Addiction as a social problem soc 210 although addiction to drugs and alcohol can be viewed as a biological and psychological problem, it has many sociological implications that suggest it may be caused by cultural structures and society as a whole. Theory of addiction lindesmith's work on drugs began with his questioning of the nature of addiction in a 1938 essay entitled a sociological theory of drug addiction this paper appeared in the american journal of sociology and involved in-depth interviews with 50 so-called addicts. Furthermore, many sociological theories, as we will learn here, often identify how other social problems, eg, poverty, inequality, social disorganization, explain the prevalence of drug use and abuse in society or individuals’ gravitation to it. The caveat to the biological theory of addiction, however, is that while one may have a genetic predisposition to developing addiction, there must be an interaction with the environment in order for the addiction to fully manifest itself.
Biological psychological and sociological theories of addiction
Exposure theories: biological models the exposure model is based on the assumption that the introduction of a substance into the body on a regular basis will inevitably lead to addiction the biological, as opposed to the conditioning models, believe that this is a consequence of biology. Sociology is a science that primarily concerns itself with understanding the behavior of large groups these groups include families, organizations, societies, and cultures) from this perspective, addiction is a harmful behavior that affects both individuals and groups. We will discuss each of these different psychological theories in more detail many of these theories have not been tested or applied to every specific type of addiction nonetheless, scientist and practitioners generally assume these theories apply in some way to all addictions. Theoriesofaddiction 7 table3theoriesthatfocusonindividualsusceptibility chengetal,2000 ageneticanalysisofsmokingbehaviorinfamilymembersofolderadultmales clapperetal.
Biological models of addiction emphasize the importance of genetics and the biological forces of nature these theories suggest that brain chemistry, brain structure, and genetic abnormalities cause human behavior. Social structural theories a third category of sociological theories that has addressed substance use and related deviance can be called “social structural” theories consequently community or neighborhood oxycontin abuse. Health psychology looks at the complex array of biological, social and psychological factors that influence our health and illness-related behaviour smoking is a biological addiction, with.
Theories of addiction add remove this content was stolen from brainmasscom - view the original, and get the already-completed solution here addiction: social, psychological and biological theories identify strengths and weaknesses in how each theory is able to explain addiction sociology of gender and sexuality sociology of. Psychological and social processes in the development of drug addiction introduction several theories of drug addiction exist, some of the main ones being genetic predisposition, the self-medication theory, and factors involved with social/economic development the development of an addiction is influenced by multiple biological.